The name of Dubrovnik comes from the term dubrava, a forest of oak tree (dub). Dubrovnik became a free city-state in the mediaeval period. It had its own government, a prince chosen by the citizens, its own laws and the name of the Republic of Dubrovnik. The citizens of Dubrovnik were good sailors and good merchants. They sailed to all known ports of their time. The Republic of Dubrovnik was abolished by Napoleon in 1808.
Did you know that the city walls are 1940 metres long and that they have 5 forts and 16 towers and bastions? The main entrance into the town is the Pile Gate. As you enter the town you will find yourself in the most important street of all: Stradun. Here you will also find the main entrance to the city walls! Walking down Stradun you will see the Onofrio’s Fountains, the Rector’s Palace and many other palaces. When you get tired, you can rest underneath the Orlando’s Column!